There’s a Country claiming for help: It’s fragile, unstable and poor. Afghanistan calls upon immediate UNPBC’s aid.

Created on 12th December 2005, UNPBC works to provide aids and supplies to those Countries now emerging from conflicts, contributing to their sustainable development. To provide a long-term resolution to help Afghanistan, the PBC has first to deal with the results of a tragic past that prevent people to have a strong government, safeness and stability.

Back in the decades, Afghanistan was a very rich country indeed, because of the Silk Road, a fundamental path for trades and exchanges that crossed the region attracting traders from all over the world. Nevertheless, this incessant crossing of different groups of people meeting and sharing goods and ideas, not only intensified the inner diversification already existing in the region itself , but also moved several Countries to attack each other to gain the power.
From the “Great Game”, the dispute that saw Great Britain and Russia constantly facing each other to rule over the Country, passing through the “Anglo-Afghan Wars”, ending with the advent of URSS powers, Afghanistan has known devastating fights for years. Moreover, here’s a key point: the unceasing war that kept on weakening Afghanistan’s power, provoked the rising of terrorist groups sadly known today all over the world: the Taliban, Al Quaeda and others.

Eventually, When the 11/9 came and Twin Towers got attacked, America started the War on Terror, joined by several Nato members that sent troops to fight the rise of terrorism. The effects of the war have been devastating so far in Afghanistan. Achieving a solid peace agreement nowadays, has become one of UN main priorities. Current president Karzai has created together with the UN the High Peace Council, which is the principal organ through which Western nations would like the agreement to be negotiated. However talibans are hostile to this kind of negotiations, along with other Eastern countries that would lose their influence over an independent and democratic Afghanistan. Finally, some neighbour countries are mostly concerned with the talibans potentially gaining more power out of the peace negotiations, and would like to avoid that.

Finding an agreement between all the factions has become extremely hard. A key point in order to build a solid peace is achieving effective governance, as institutions have been weakening and citizens confidence in democracy has been decreasing since the last 10-15 years. As far as Humanitarian needs, they have been mostly left apart since the war broke out, however, inevitably they will have to be addressed at some point in order to achieve a solid and lasting peace. Among these needs we can find poverty, that in turn pushes a lot of farmers to cultivate opium (which is more rewarding) instead of crops that provide some food, causing malnutrition; inability to access health assistance, resulting in a high mortality tax; and a poor education system, with a literacy rate of a mere 28% in the country. Surprisingly the Afghan economy has been growing since 2001 when the war broke out, but being a wartime economy, it mostly relies on services, and experts fear that as the war will come to an end there will be a collapse.

Concluding, there’s still plenty of work that has to be done before achieving the final goal of a stable and lasting peace in Afghanistan, however, looking at the past, it is clear that some progress has been made, and the reaching of a final solution is undoubtedly closer.

Lorenzo Foffo
Chiara Erriquez

Sources

  • http://www.un.org/en/peacebuilding/
  • https://www.usaid.gov/afghanistan/democracy-governance
  • http://www.un.org/ga/webcast/statements/afghanistanE.htm
  • Brahimi, Lakhdar, and Thomas Reeve Pickering,
  • Afghanistan: Negotiating Peace: The Report of the Century
  • Foundation International Task Force on Afghanistan in Its Regional and Multilateral Dimensions, New York: Century Foundation, 2011.
  • Collins, Understanding the War in Afghanistan
  • “How Afghans Would Negotiate Their Own Peace.” Gallup World. 12 Aug. 2014.
  • World Drug Report 2014, New York, NY: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2014.
  • Afghanistan,”Central Intelligence Agency, Central Intelligence Agency, 24 June 2014,
  • “2014 Humanitarian Needs Overview: Afghanistan”
  • Centre for Research on Globalization, “Afghanistan’s Wartime Economy (2001-2014). The Devastating Impacts of IMF- World Bank Reforms,” GlobalResearch, July 24, 2014,