There are so many reasons why people migrate from the place where they live. In a world of rising sea levels and melting glaciers, climate change is most likely occurring but with uncertain overall effects. In a world of wars and hate spreading as never before, economic situations, social issues and a great focus on self-interest from the great economic and social manipulators, people can adapt to these problems by staying in place and doing nothing, staying in place and mitigating the problems, or leaving the affected areas. The choice between these options will depend on the extent of problems and mitigation capabilities. People living in lesser developed countries may be more likely to leave affected areas, which may cause conflict in receiving areas. That is the reason why international migration has moved to the top of the International Security Agenda.

So, what is wrong in all this is that problems for this people are not yet ended.

Once in the host country, Undocumented immigrants have an especially difficult time accessing services, largely because they are afraid of being deported. Consequently, because people will avoid seeing the doctor or reaching out for services like legal guidance when they’re badly needed. Another one of the biggest obstacles refugees and immigrant parents report, in a more social view, is raising their children in a new, unfamiliar culture. Parents often find that their children are quickly fitting, which may be at odds with their own culture.

At the end of the day, these people may find difficulties in trying to adapt themselves to the social environment, such as the one in a host country. This means there is still a lot to cure and solve for all that concerns racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, prejudice and stereotypes.

The migrants conditions is one of the main issues in UNODC agenda. UNODC is a global leader in the fight against illicit drugs and international crime. Established in 1997 through a merger between the United Nations Drug Control Programme and the Centre for International Crime Prevention, UNODC operates in all regions of the world through an extensive network of field offices. UNODC relies on voluntary contributions, mainly from Governments, for 90 per cent of its budget. Consistently with its goals UNODC mainly proposes field-based technical cooperation projects to enhance the capacity of Member States to counteract illicit drugs, crime and terrorism; research analytical work to increase knowledge and understanding of drugs and crime issues and expand the evidence base for policy and operational decisions; a normative work to assist States in the ratification and implementation of the relevant international treaties, the development of domestic legislation on drugs, crime and terrorism, and the provision of secretariat and substantive services to the treaty-based and governing bodies; it identifies, analyses and monitors global drugs and transnational organized crime threats, knowing that this information enables the international community to define appropriate drug and crime control priorities.

But how can we prevent and combat violence against migrants? UNODC promotes the use of training manuals and the adoption of codes of conduct, standards and norms that aim to guarantee that the accused, the guilty and the victims can all rely on a criminal justice system that is fair and grounded on human rights values. A strong rule of law will also still be in confidence among citizens in the effectiveness of the courts and the humanness of the prisons. The United Nations is responding by working to foster inclusion, dialogue and respect for human rights.  “Where societies have been shattered by conflict, the United Nations strives to promote peace processes and peacebuilding that foster inclusion, dialogue, reconciliation and human rights.  Uprooting racism and prejudice is essential for many war-torn societies to heal. There are many valuable treaties and tools — as well as a comprehensive global framework — to prevent and eradicate racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance.  Nevertheless, racism continues to cause suffering for millions of people around the world. It thrives on ignorance, prejudice and stereotypes.” The Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said.

Photo Credit: By Photo: Gémes Sándor/SzomSzed

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