The special political and decolonization committee (SPECPOL) deals with a variety of the most urgent, controversial, difficult and challenging political subjects
In this exciting committee you will debating on questions related to peacekeeping, decolonization, international security and self-determination; its mandate does not entail any kind of decision on military actions as it is primarily an advisory committee.
The topic which is going to be discussed during IMUN 2017 is The Falkland question.
Sovereignty over the Falkland Islands (Spanish: Islas Malvinas) is disputed by Argentina and the United Kingdom.
The British claim to sovereignty dates from 1690, and the United Kingdom has exercised de facto sovereignty over the archipelago almost continuously since 1833. Argentina has long disputed this claim, having been in control of the islands for a period prior to 1833. The dispute escalated in 1982, when Argentina invaded the islands, precipitating the Falklands War.
The Argentine government argues that it has maintained a claim over the Falkland Islands since 1833, and renewed it as recently as December 2012. It considers the archipelago part of the Tierra del Fuego Province, along with South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.
Contemporary Falkland Islanders overwhelmingly prefer to remain British. They gained full British citizenship with the British Nationality (Falkland Islands) Act 1983, after British victory in the Falklands War.
In 1964 the Argentine government raised the matter at the United Nations in a sub-committee of the Special Committee on the situation with regard to the implementation of the UN Declaration of the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples. In reply, the British Representative on the Committee declared that the British Government held that the question of sovereignty over the islands was “not negotiable”. Following a report by the Special Committee, UN General Assembly Resolution 2065 was passed on 16 December 1965. In its preamble it referred to the UN’s “cherished aim to bring colonialism to an end everywhere”, and invited both nations to proceed with negotiations to find a peaceful solution bearing in mind “the interests of the population of the Falkland Islands (Malvinas)”
Rodriguez, C. (2016) The sovereignty dispute over the Falkland islands. Available at: http://www.e-ir.info/2016/11/11/the-sovereignty-dispute-over-the-falkland-islands/