This year on the second edition of IMUN Venice there will be three specific committees to deal with: World Food Programme (WFP), The Commission on Science and Technology for Development (CSTD) and International Organization for Migration (IOM).
The delegates will represent one specific country, they will have to stick to the ideology and political direction of the “leaders” of the country and try to find a resolution to the issue pointed out by the committee. In order to do that the delegates will have to find an alliance and propose concrete points so as to get the most possible approbation. They will have three days to do so. Before the meeting, the delegates have to get as most information as possible about their own country and be prepared to interact with the other participants.
In particular, WFP covers a crucial position. The Organization copes with the following issues:
- Starvation: WFP is trying to achieve the “Zero Hunger” goal, which is the second point of the list proposed by the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Pursuing this goal means that the member States must be able to execute policies so as to egg on food security and nutrition objectives. In order to be able to do so, food security and nutrition policies must be chased by strong institutional figures and an enabling environment. This is when WFP takes action.
The Organization offers to the member States technical assistance that are the most suitable for them and helps them to improve their individual abilities in these fields. This is possible through the “Country Strategic Plan”.
- Climate change: As long as climate change does not stop rising, there will be more frequent and intense floods, droughts and storms. It is pretty clear that food protection and nutrition are under threat. WPF has been dealing for many years for that kind of issue. In order to halter it, WFP gives deep and well-built analysis to underline the relation between climate change and food nutrition. Furthermore, it provides future analysis about the impact of climate change on nutrition security.
WFP set a fundamental online tool about climate change and food security called “Food Insecurity and Climate Change Vulnerability map”. Its aim is to highlight the high vulnerability of countries in need.
- Disaster risk: The main issue about this topic is that in case of a natural disaster since it strongly exerts influence on availability of food and water. In order to combat global hunger, it is necessary, in accordance to WFP, to halter, diminish and prepare for disasters.
WFP Is working really hard to execute “the international framework for disaster risk reduction”. In order to enhance the abilities of the governments to reduce disaster risks, the Organization backups many activities that mitigate natural disasters while improving food security through soil and water conservation, the development of flood protection infrastructure and reconstruction of roads.
Lastly, WFP assists member states to enhance emergency alertness and planning, so as to respond quickly to disasters and diminish their impact.
- Gender inequality: Gender equality and women’s empowerment are fundamental points. WFP pursuits the Sustainable Development goal number five, so it can accomplish its mandate.
To do so, it is crucial that assistance policies and the programmes proposed by WFP conceive adequate environments that advance, instead of undermining gender equality.
In fact, the Organization made a Gender Policy to achieve “Zero Hunger”, which can be summarized in these points: food assistance adapted to different needs, equal participation, decision-making by women and girls and gender and protection.
- Vulnerability of smallholder market: “Zero Hunger” is also possible when smallholder farmers are backed up, so as to improve to assemble sustainable food systems, to accelerate the achievement of food security and to bring about “Zero Hunger”.
In order to tackle the lack access to productive inputs and financing, as well as controversies related to nature, WFP has established many designs that combine ingenious inventions, wide partnerships and suitable support for both smallholders and respective governments.
To do so, there are many main tools WFP relies on: Purchase for Progress (P4P), Farm to Market Alliance, Home-grown School Feeding and Food Assistance for Assets. All these programmes aid to support the most vulnerable and food-insecure farming communities.
- Lack of social protection: Because of scarce social protection systems, it is more arduous to invest in more sustainable agricultural practices and to protect the assets they already have.
This is when WFP takes action and assists the most vulnerable and food insecure communities to handle natural resources in a sustainable way. What does it do? It provides fundamental inventions, such as soil conservation, fertility measures and flood control and boosts productivity from an agricultural point of view. Furthermore, it intervenes through adequate irrigation schemes, “developed” water for multiple uses, afforestation, tree nurseries and seed collection.